Large Intestine (Colon)

The large intestine begins in the right-sided lower abdomen, continuing like a picture frame across the upper medium belly back to the left side of the body, to extend from there in an S-like shape to the straight intestine (rectum).

Most-common affections of the large intestine (colon):

  • Diverticle: Small eversions of the colon.
  • Diverticulitis: Painful inflammation of intestinal diverticle, primarily in the left-sided lower abdomen.
  • Intestinal polyps: Polyps in the large intestine (colon), some of which of size 0.04-0,4” (1-10mm), in some cases being precursors of a malignant condition.
  • Intestinal cancer: Malignant tumor emanating from the mucous membrane of the colon.
  • Inflammatory affections of the intestine: Painful inflammations of the mucous membrane of the intestine.

Pathology depending on clinical picture:

  • Blood addition in the stools
  • Pain
  • Anomalous stools


  • Colonoscopy
  • Computertomography (CT)
  • Laboratory


  • Varying depending on affection
  • endoscopyEndoscopic excision of polyps
  • Antibiotic therapy in case of mild diverticulitis
  • Conventional or laparoscopic excision of intestinal parts